David Hill receipt dated January 17, 1824

David Hill receipt dated January 17, 1824

Recd of John Logan Esqr one of the wardens of the poor for the county of Rutherford one hundred & fifty dollars for part payment for keeping its poor of said county for the year 1824 January the 17th 1824

David Hill

J.W. Carson

I think that this receipt offers us a true glimpse into how different society was in the 1820s. This is before the days of federal income taxes and obviously before the era of Social Security. The responsibility of taking care of the poor  in North Carolina was placed on Wardens of the Poor from 1777 until 1917 (source).

Until 1868, each county had seven Wardens of the Poor who were elected until 1846. After that they were appointed by the County Courts. Their main duties were to receive and disburse money for poor relief, determine what persons were entitled to public assistance, and supervise the operation of institutions for the poor (source).

According to this information, John Logan was elected to be one of Rutherford County’s seven Wardens of the Poor. This $150 likely didn’t come from his personal wealth, but he was probably responsible for collecting money from other citizens for this purpose. Perhaps David Hill and J.W. Carson were two of the other Wardens of the Poor that might have had the responsibility of disbursing the monies or supervising the operation of Poor Houses or Poor Farms.

David Hill was born May 1, 1795 in Rutherford County, North Carolina. He was the son of Reubin Hill (1764 -1858) and Margaret McBrayer (1775-1834). He married to Amelia Lucinda Potts (1822-1880). A large portion of the Hill family moved to Dawson County, GA including David’s father and many of his siblings. David died in Dawson County, GA on June 10, 1885. (source Sarah Catherine Liles)

James W. Carson is the nephew of the Sheriff William Carson from a previous blog post. James was also Sheriff of Rutherford County from October 1838 to October 1842.  James was born December 23, 1789 in Rutherford Co., NC. He was the son of General John G. Carson and Mary Withrow. He married Catherine Canselor (1791-1867)in Rutherford Co., NC on February 15, 1814. James died October 24, 1846. (source Lela Whisnant)

Please leave a comment below if you have additional information about Wardens of the Poor (particularly in Rutherford Co., NC), David Hill or James W. Carson.

About the Logan Project: I possess a box of 170 documents passed down 6 generations in the Logan family that originate from John Logan (1775-1841) of Rutherford County, NC. These documents are mainly receipts that show the various business and legal dealings of many different families from Rutherford County, NC. I will be posting these documents on this blog in chronological order. The scanned images of these documents are the copyright of Jonathan Medford. Do not redistribute these documents for the purpose of commercial gain without his expressed written permission.

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Bradley Dalton Receipt for work on the Jail February 6, 1826

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