Posted in African American, genealogy, Logan, Uncategorized

Grave Hunting in Rutherfordton

I had a business meeting in Columbus, NC this morning which gave me my first opportunity to swing by Rutherfordton. Since this trip was for business and not for pleasure, I didn’t take the time to properly research what relatives were buried where. I knew that my wife’s GG Grandfather George W. Logan was buried at an episcopal church in town. I found St. Francis Episcopal Church and stopped there to take a look.

It was an absolutely beautiful stone church with many old graves. I did not have a great deal of time to peruse and I never did for G.W. Logan’s grave, but I verified this evening that he is indeed buried there. Also, my wife’s Great Grandfather James Andrew Logan is buried there as well.

There was one old tombstone that drew me in. I had to take a picture of it to read later. I honestly had no idea what it said at the time.

IMG_1646

Here is the best that I could do for an inscription:

To the memory of
my faithful and lamented
servant Enoch

who departed this life
June 14th 1862 in the
9th year of his age

Take heed that ye despise not 
one of these little ones. 
Mat, Chap. 18 ver 10

And they shall be mine, saith
the LORD of hosts, in that day
when I make up my jewels
Malachi Chap 3 ver 17

Ida S. Duffy
Rutherfordton, NC

I don’t know this for sure, but it seems as if this is a tombstone for a young slave boy named Enoch. On my way home I listened to the Extreme Genealogy Podcast. Part of the episode had a discussion about the rarity of finding tombstone’s for slaves.

Coincidence?

I hope to find out more about Enoch and Ida S. Duffy, and can’t wait to visit this cemetery again!

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Posted in Carson

Deputy Sheriff J.W. Carson Receipt

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Rec’d of John Logan Esqr his tax in full for the year 1835 = $28.08 cts

J.W. Carson DShff

 I previously wrote about another receipt from a Sheriff named William CarsonJames W. Carson is the nephew of the Sheriff William Carson. James will eventually go on to become the Sheriff of Rutherford County from October 1838 to October 1842.  James was born December 23, 1789 in Rutherford Co., NC. He was the son of General John G. Carson and Mary Withrow. He married Catherine Canselor (1791-1867)in Rutherford Co., NC on February 15, 1814. James died October 24, 1846. (source Lela Whisnant).

Posted in Medford

Who are the Parents of Logan M. Medford and Thomas Naylor Medford?

[Don’t miss the comment by Jonathan Byers at the end of this post. He clarifies the mystery!]

I married a Logan who’s family is originally from Rutherford County, NC. While researching her family, I came across a man named Logan M. Medford who lived in Logan’s Store, NC in Rutherford County. Most of the Medfords in Western North Carolina lived in either Haywood County or McDowell County. The Haywood County Medfords are usually the descendants of Jonas Medford and the McDowell County Medfords the descendants of Israel Medford (my 5th Great Grandfather). So seeing a Medford, during the 1800s, living in Rutherford County was rather peculiar. Seeing the name “Logan Medford” made me wonder if there was a connection between the two families. How bizarre would that be?

Photo circa 1915. L-R: Bob Medford, Logan Medford, Edgar Medford, Daisy Medford, Emma Lee Beheler, Sudie Mae Medford Beheler holding Glen Roy Beheler. ksisk94 originally shared this on 25 Dec 2013 on Ancestry.com.
Photo circa 1915. L-R: Bob Medford, Logan Medford, Edgar Medford, Daisy Medford, Emma Lee Beheler, Sudie Mae Medford Beheler holding Glen Roy Beheler.
ksisk94 originally shared this on 25 Dec 2013 on Ancestry.com.

Logan wasn’t the only Medford in Rutherford County at the time. There was also a Thomas Naylor Medford living in Cool Springs, NC. Before living in Cool Springs, he spent some time living in Polkville in Cleveland County. I really wanted to know who the parents were of these two Medfords. They HAD to be the grandchildren of either Jonas or Israel. Jonas and Israel are assumed to be brothers as they are close in age and one of them takes the serious financial responsibility of signing the other’s marriage bond.

Logan and Thomas were born in 1859 and 1860 respectively, so I was hoping that they lived long enough to have their death certificates in the North Carolina Death Certificate database, which contains records from 1909 onward. I was in luck!

logan-medford-death-certificatethomas-naylor-medford-death-certificate

Logan Medford lived to be over 90 years old! He was born in McDowell County, NC on 15 Feb 1859, but the death certificate says 1849, which has to be an error according to many other records. His death certificate lists his wife as Celia Ann Mitchell, his father as Israel Medford and his mother as Adeline Medford. I have no doubt that Logan Medford is the son of Adeline Medford, but Adeline is the daughter of Israel. In order to save the deceased’s family potential embarrassment, I believe that the informant gave the name of Israel Medford as the father. Celia Ann Mitchell was 1st married about 1873 to John Godfrey. After he died in 1880, she married Logan almost a year later in 1881.

Thomas Naylor Medford was born 13 Mar 1860 and died 29 Mar 1940 in Rutherford Co, NC. His death certificate says that he is married to Florence Mode, but the father is listed as unknown and mother is listed as Cail Godfrey, an obvious reference to Celia Ann Godfrey. Why would the informant give the name of Thomas’ sister-in-law as his mother? More on this in a minute.

Before I move on, I should state why I started assuming that Logan and Thomas were brothers. They are both listed as living with each other in the same household with Adeline Medford in McDowell County during both the 1870 and 1880 census records. During the 1860 census, Logan is listed as living Adeline alone.

If we break down this timeline of events, we notice something very interesting:

  • Logan is born 15 Feb 1859 [source: death certificate]
  • Thomas is born 13 Mar 1860 [source: death certificate]
  • 1860 Census collected 18 Jun 1860

If Thomas was born before the census worker came to the house, then why was he not listed on the census? Perhaps his death certificate is true. Perhaps he was the illegitimate son of Celia Ann Mitchell instead of Adeline Medford. We need to find Celia in the 1860 census and see if she is with a son named Thomas with her. I am unable to find either of them.

Celia’s death certificate (her husband Logan as informer), says that her age is 70, which would put her date of birth at 1853. If this is true, then there is no way she fathered Thomas at 7 years old. The 1880 census lists her at 35 years old, which would put her being born in 1845. Her giving birth to Thomas at 15, is much more believable. Her death certificate goes beyond saying that HER father is unknown, it says that she was illegitimate.

I am still not ruling out the possibility that Adeline Medford is the actual mother of Thomas. Perhaps the informant did not want the embarrassment of listing Adeline Medford as his mother as a dead giveaway that Thomas was born illegitimate.

There is also the marriage certificates of both Logan Medford and Thomas Medford. They both list their father’s as unknown. Thomas lists his mother as D. A. Medford (Adeline) and says that she is still living and living in Cleveland County, NC. Logan lists his mother as Adeline.

thomas-naylor-medford-marriage-certificatelogan-medford-marriage-certificate

I am absolutely fascinated with Logan and Thomas. Their male descendants each have the Medford surname, but under different circumstances, their surnames would be entirely different. My hope is that we can one day convince one of these descendants to take a YDNA test. Based on the results of this test, we should be able to determine a surname that they match with. This may lead to clues to the real identity of their fathers.

Posted in John Logan Digital Archives

Amount of Tax for the Year 1835

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Building to for the year 1832 on Land [?] property & [?] Is to the amount of $1482.61

Tax for Court House 1833 $2124.22

do  1834     $2017.47

do  1835     $2023.98

We know that John Logan was Rutherford County’s Treasurer of Public Buildings from as early as 1822. There are several Google Books references to this fact as well as references in an earlier receipt called Jail Tax Receipt January 27, 1822 and the receipt Robert McAfee Receipt for putting steps to the Court House December 14, 1822. It appears that John Logan was still in this role through at least 1835.

If you have any ideas about improving this rough transcription, please share in the comments below. 

About the Logan Project: I possess a box of 170 documents passed down 6 generations in the Logan family that originate from John Logan (1775-1841) of Rutherford County, NC. These documents are mainly receipts that show the various business and legal dealings of many different families from Rutherford County, NC. I will be posting these documents on this blog in chronological order. The scanned images of these documents are the copyright of Jonathan Medford. You are welcome to download them for personal use. Do not redistribute these documents for the purpose of commercial gain without his expressed written permission. If you would like to start reading them from the first document, you can start here.

Posted in Michal

Daniel Michal Receipt for the Estate of Jacob Michal

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 Re’d from John Logan Eleven dollars 12 ½ cts in full of his a/c with Jacob Michal dc’d

 8 November 1834              Daniel Michal administrator

John Logan was paying what he owed the estate of the deceased Jacob Michal. As soon as I saw the name Michal, I immediately thought that this was a name of German descent. Something I’m familiar with, being from Caldwell County. According to a biography on Jacob’s son George Washington Michal, Jacob was born in Pennsylvania. His tombstone at the Rutherfordton City Cemetery indicates that he was born 23 Jul 1792. Marriage records in Rutherford County prove that he married Catharine Ramsour on 10 May 1815. Jacob was a man of considerable wealth. There are numerous land transactions in his name. In the 1830 census, he owned six young slaves (3 under 10, the rest 10-23). He died June 27, 1834 at just 44 years old. Records about his estate spanned over 100 pages in order to list all of the purchasers and items.

I had a hard time finding out information on who Daniel Michal was in relation to Jacob. He was living in his own household during the 1830 census in Rutherford County, NC. He could be a son, nephew or brother. Anyone know?

Records and Biographies

MICHAL, GEORGE WASHINGTON
The subject of this sketch was born in Rutherfordton, N. C., October 19, 1825, and died in Hickory, N. C., January 11, 1892. His father, Jacob Michal, who came to North Carolina from Pennsylvania, and his mother, Catharine Ramsour of Lincoln county, were both of German extraction. They were married 10 May 1815. In his early youth, he decided upon medicine as his chosen profession and entered the Medical College at Charleston, South Carolina, but later went to the University of Pennsylvania where he was graduated at the age of twenty-one. Commencing to practice in Marion, N. C., he continued there until 1861 when he became Surgeon of the Sixteenth North Carolina Regiment. While thus employed, he was elected to the Convention from Rutherford county to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Jason H. Carson, taking his seat January 21, 1862. In 1865, he removed from Marion to Newton and here practiced his profession for eight years when failing health forced him to abandon it for other pursuits. Dr. Michal was always a conservative in politics and deplored secession even when he recognized it as the last resort for the State. In his early life, he joined the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, but later embraced the views of the Episcopal Communion.

Bulletin of the Genealogical Society of Old Tryon, vol. 26, pp. 85 and 87. Notes of Thomas McHann due 1831 and 1833 in the estate inventory of Jacob Michal, October 1834. [source]

Deed Book 32, p.226, 17 June 1818, George Walton Bradley of RCNC to John Hoke and Jacob Michal of the same, 350 dollars, tract in Rutherfordton on the northeast square and part of lot no. 1 joining Noah Hampton, Main St., and Jacob Michal, being part of a lot sold by Genl. James Miller to Joseph Alexander. Wit. James Walker, John Logan. #185, 17 May 1820. (BGSOTC, May 2007, p.88)

Deed Book 33, p.527, 22 March 1821, James Humphreys, one of the constables of Rutherford County, to Adam Hampton, highest bidder on 22 February 1821 at 631 dollars, five negroes, Eve an old lame woman (six dollars), Tom (105 dollars), Beckey and her child Cinda (100 dollars), and Cinda and Squire (420 dollars), by virtue of sundry executions: (1) Moses Logan, J. P. 27 January 1821 against Jonathan Hampton for $68.51 to satisfy a judgment of Adam Hampton against Jonathan, (2) by Moses Logan, J. P., 27 January 1821, against Jonathan Hampton for $55.25 to satisfy a judgment of Adam Hampton against Jonathan, (3) a judgment by Wm. Edwards, J. P. 2 February 1821 against Jonathan Hampton for 60 dollars recovered by Adam Hampton against Jonathan Hampton, (4) a judgment by William Edwards J. P. 2 February 1821 for $59.60 recovered by Adam Hampton against Jonathan Hampton, (5) a judgment by Jacob Michals J. P. 6 February 1821 for $18.18 recoverd by Adam Hampton against Jonathan Hampton. Wit. George S. Williams. #227, 8 September 1821. (BGSOTC, November 2009, p.188)

Deed Book 34, p.179, 3 June 1823, Robert Mcafee, Andrew Miller, and Peter Mooney to Francis Alexander, all of RCNC to Jacob Michael of the same, 99 dollars, 99 acres part of patent 3144 24 November 1819 joining Andrew Miller, Morris, and Terrell. Wit. Benjn. F. Logan, Jos. Bowen. #267, 20 August 1823. (BGSOTC, May 2012, p.78)

Deed Book 34, p.191, 6 December 1822, John L. Love and Noah Hampton to Reinhardt & Bowen & Co., all of RCNC, 50 dollars, 50 acres granted to Thomas Hunter and James Love, joining David Miller, Taylor’s Mill Creek, Sarah Hamilton, Ledbetter, and Rowland. Wit. Jacob Michael, Ben’n. T Logan. #290, 27 August 1823. (BGSOTC, May 2012, p.78)

1835 – 12 January , a Sarah Queen and an Alfred Queen were among the purchasers of items from the (very large) estate of Jacob Michal, deceased, in Rutherford Co., NC.[105]  Over 100 pages of this record book were required to list all the purchasers and items.

1830 Census Jacob Michal
Home in 1830 (City, County, State): Rutherford, North Carolina
Free White Persons – Males – Under 5: 2
Free White Persons – Males – 5 thru 9: 2
Free White Persons – Males – 15 thru 19: 1
Free White Persons – Males – 20 thru 29: 1
Free White Persons – Males – 30 thru 39: 1
Free White Persons – Females – Under 5: 1
Free White Persons – Females – 30 thru 39: 1
Slaves – Males – Under 10: 2
Slaves – Males – 10 thru 23: 1
Slaves – Females – Under 10: 1
Slaves – Females – 10 thru 23: 2
Free White Persons – Under 20: 6
Free White Persons – 20 thru 49: 3
Total Free White Persons: 9
Total Slaves: 6
Total – All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored): 15

Sources

If you have any additional information about Jacob or Daniel Michal, please share in the comments below. 

About the Logan Project: I possess a box of 170 documents passed down 6 generations in the Logan family that originate from John Logan (1775-1841) of Rutherford County, NC. These documents are mainly receipts that show the various business and legal dealings of many different families from Rutherford County, NC. I will be posting these documents on this blog in chronological order. The scanned images of these documents are the copyright of Jonathan Medford. You are welcome to download them for personal use. Do not redistribute these documents for the purpose of commercial gain without his expressed written permission. If you would like to start reading them from the first document, you can start here.

Posted in Melton

Lindsey F. Melton Receipt

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October 23rd 1833 Received of John Logan two dollars in ful of all Demands

Lindsey F. Melton

Lindsey F. Melton was born in Rutherford County, NC on the 22 Nov 1803 to parents Cornelius Melton (b: 15 SEP 1768 in Albemarle County, Virginia) and Dicey Marinda Green (b: ABT 1768 in Virginia). He married Sarah May Fortune on 3 Mar 1826. The bondsman for the marriage was Williamson Fortune, suspected brother or father of Sarah.

They were living in Rutherford County during the 1830 North Carolina census. He was listed as age 20-30, with wife of same age. A second male in the household of this age. One son age 0-5 and another female of age 10-15.

He was declared a “bankrupt” on 19 Sep 1842 according to an article in the Highland Messenger (Asheville, NC).

Highland Messenger (Asheville, NC) 2 Sep 1842
Highland Messenger (Asheville, NC) 2 Sep 1842

By 1850, he was living in Cain Creek in Rutherford County with Sara h 45, Lucy 17, D.M. 15, Sarah 12, Claranda 10, Susan 8, Drusilla 6, Julious 3, Robert Twitty 8/12, and Franklin Dornbus h 14; all born in North Carolina.

In 1860 his household consisted of  L.F. Melton 56, with Sarah 54, Clarinda 22, Susan 20, Jane 18, Mary 16, Julius 14, and Robert 10.

He was living in the Logan Store Township in Rutherford County in 1870 with the following household: Linzy H. Melton 67, with Sarah 64, Amanda 34, and Robert 5.

 

Sources:

If you have any additional information about Lindsey F. Melton, please share in the comments below. 

About the Logan Project: I possess a box of 170 documents passed down 6 generations in the Logan family that originate from John Logan (1775-1841) of Rutherford County, NC. These documents are mainly receipts that show the various business and legal dealings of many different families from Rutherford County, NC. I will be posting these documents on this blog in chronological order. The scanned images of these documents are the copyright of Jonathan Medford. You are welcome to download them for personal use. Do not redistribute these documents for the purpose of commercial gain without his expressed written permission. If you would like to start reading them from the first document, you can start here.

 

Posted in Freeman

Joel T. Freeman Receipt for Beef


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Received of John Logan eight Dollars seventy five cents in full of all demands as effects his beef account
Oct 27th 1832  I [levy?] By Mr. Joel T. Freeman

attest W.W. Logan

One of my most recent blog posts on one of John Logan‘s receipts was for the the purchase of beef. The last receipt was dated on October 29th, 1831 and this receipt is dated October 27th, 1832. They are almost exactly a year apart. The last receipt was written to David Williams, who appears to have left Rutherford County sometime during the 1830s. The fact that John Logan is buying beef from a different source may indicate that David Williams left sometime between October 1831 and October 1832.

 

Photo of Joel T. Freeman sourced from https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi/page/gr/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=101033138
Photo of Joel T. Freeman sourced from https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi/page/gr/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=101033138

At first, I mistranscribed the name in this document as Jack P. Freeman, but thankfully John Logan‘s neat handwriting when he labels his receipts always comes through for me in the clutch. This receipt was written by Joel T. Freeman.

 

I believe this is Joel Terrell Freeman, born on July 27, 1812, in Rutherford, North Carolina. The collective thoughts on the internet appear to mark him as the child of Nathaniel Robertson Freeman and Catherine Seward.

I’m not exactly sure what documentation backs this up, but I would like to point out that there is a Joel Freeman living in Rutherford county during the 1820 census when this Joel T. Freeman was just eight years old. He married Isabel Minerva Porter on September 16, 1834. He died on August 29, 1889, in Gerton, North Carolina, and was buried in Henderson, North Carolina [source].

Joel would have been about 20 years old at the time of this receipt.

The W. W. Logan appears to be the same person from the P.J. Parker’s Receipt blog post. I’m still not sure who this is.

 

joel-t-freeman-2

Resources for Joel T. Freeman

If you have any additional information about Joel Terrell Freeman or W. W. Logan, please share in the comments below. 

About the Logan Project: I possess a box of 170 documents passed down 6 generations in the Logan family that originate from John Logan (1775-1841) of Rutherford County, NC. These documents are mainly receipts that show the various business and legal dealings of many different families from Rutherford County, NC. I will be posting these documents on this blog in chronological order. The scanned images of these documents are the copyright of Jonathan Medford. You are welcome to download them for personal use. Do not redistribute these documents for the purpose of commercial gain without his expressed written permission. If you would like to start reading them from the first document, you can start here.

Posted in Williams

John J. Williams Receipt

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Received of John Logan seven Dollars in ful of all accounts with me Sept. 21st 1832

John J. Williams

You may recall a recent blog post, David Williams Receipt for Beef, which featured another Williams. David Williams shows up briefly in Rutherford County records before disappearing in the 1830s, likely headed west. The good news is it is easy to find records on John Williams. The bad news, is there are no less than four John Williams listed in the 1830 census. I am hoping that a Rutherford County Williams research can help us identify the right John. Perhaps the middle initial of J will be of some use!

If you can find any additional information about John J. Williams, please share in the comments below. 

About the Logan Project: I possess a box of 170 documents passed down 6 generations in the Logan family that originate from John Logan (1775-1841) of Rutherford County, NC. These documents are mainly receipts that show the various business and legal dealings of many different families from Rutherford County, NC. I will be posting these documents on this blog in chronological order. The scanned images of these documents are the copyright of Jonathan Medford. You are welcome to download them for personal use. Do not redistribute these documents for the purpose of commercial gain without his expressed written permission. If you would like to start reading them from the first document, you can start here.

Posted in Burchett, Parker, Wood

P.J. Parker’s Receipt

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Recd of John Logan ten dollars in part for sawing plank    March 12th 1832

attest                                                                           P.J. Parker
W.W. Logan

You may have noticed that many of these documents appear to have been folded up and that I rarely post the opposite side of the paper (even though I have scanned both sides). Usually, the name that I give documents is the same name that John Logan wrote on the back of the receipts. Also, sometimes I have a hard time reading the writing on the inside of the documents, but the outside will clearly state the person’s name, dollar amount and what the receipt was for. Without the back of this document, I’m not sure I would have been able to identify the first two initials, P.J.

I am pretty positive that this receipt was written by Parkerson J. Parker. I found an 1840 census record for him that listed his age as being between 20 and 29 years of age. He married Prudence Wood on 30 Apr 1827. T.F. Burchett was a witness on their marriage certificate, which is a name that will come up later in this blog series. That is the extent of what I was able to find on P.J. This receipt was for the purpose of sawing plank. I wonder if he had a saw mill or if this was hand done work.

I hope I have the name W.W. Logan correct. The last name almost appears to be something slightly different, like Lodger. I was not able to track down any information on who this would be. I assume it would be a close relative of John’s but a quick scan of sons, brothers, and nephews yielded no results. Any ideas would be appreciated!

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If you can find any additional information about Parkerson J. Parker, Prudence Wood Parker or W.W. Logan, please share in the comments below. 

About the Logan Project: I possess a box of 170 documents passed down 6 generations in the Logan family that originate from John Logan (1775-1841) of Rutherford County, NC. These documents are mainly receipts that show the various business and legal dealings of many different families from Rutherford County, NC. I will be posting these documents on this blog in chronological order. The scanned images of these documents are the copyright of Jonathan Medford. You are welcome to download them for personal use. Do not redistribute these documents for the purpose of commercial gain without his expressed written permission. If you would like to start reading them from the first document, you can start here.

Posted in Williams

David Williams Receipt for Beef

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Received of John Logan eight dollars seventy nine & one fourth cents in full of all the beef he has had from the butchers October 29th 1831

GW Logan                                          David Williams

This is the first document in this series of John Logan Digital Archive posts where my wife’s GG Grandfather George W. Logan was part of a document. This just might be the oldest surviving document that was signed by the former judge who took on the KKK during North Carolina’s reconstruction period. He was just 16 years old when he witnessed this document for his father at the butcher. In my last blog post, I featured a document signed by George W. Logan when he was 53 years old. He had a much more ornate signature as a teenager.

the_butcher_s_shop

One has to wonder how much beef could be bought for the sum of $8.79 back in 1839. Today it could buy you a 1.75lb pack of hamburger meat. I imagine this may have been for as much as an entire cow’s worth of beef on his account. A couple of different historical dollar value calculators suggests that $8.79 is equivalent to $250 to $400 in today’s money.

It could be presumed that David Williams is the butcher, cattle rancher or shop proprietor. There were two different David Williams in Rutherford County, NC at the time of the 1830 census.

David Williams #1

Home in 1830 (City, County, State): Rutherford, North Carolina
Free White Persons – Males – Under 5: 1
Free White Persons – Males – 5 thru 9: 1
Free White Persons – Males – 20 thru 29: 1
Free White Persons – Females – Under 5: 1
Free White Persons – Females – 15 thru 19: 1
Free White Persons – Under 20: 4
Free White Persons – 20 thru 49: 1
Total Free White Persons: 5
Total – All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored): 5

David Williams #2

Name: David Williams
Home in 1830 (City, County, State): Rutherford, North Carolina
Free White Persons – Males – 20 thru 29: 1
Free White Persons – Females – 15 thru 19: 1
Free White Persons – Under 20: 1
Free White Persons – 20 thru 49: 1
Total Free White Persons: 2
Total – All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored): 2

I found a land grant for a David Williams in Rutherford County from 1829, but beyond these few documents, there is very little by David Williams. It looks as though they left the area during the 1830s.

If you can find any additional information about David Williams, please share in the comments below. 

About the Logan Project: I possess a box of 170 documents passed down 6 generations in the Logan family that originate from John Logan (1775-1841) of Rutherford County, NC. These documents are mainly receipts that show the various business and legal dealings of many different families from Rutherford County, NC. I will be posting these documents on this blog in chronological order. The scanned images of these documents are the copyright of Jonathan Medford. You are welcome to download them for personal use. Do not redistribute these documents for the purpose of commercial gain without his expressed written permission. If you would like to start reading them from the first document, you can start here.